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AMRITSAR

Golden Temple

  • 1574: Guru Ram Das, the fourth Sikh Guru, laid the foundation stone of the city of Ramdaspur, which later became Amritsar. He also initiated the construction of a small pool known as Amrit Sarovar (Pool of Nectar).

  • 1588: Guru Arjan Dev, the fifth Sikh Guru and son of Guru Ram Das, took charge of the construction of Harmandir Sahib. He started by expanding the pool and then began the construction of the temple.

  • 1604: Guru Arjan Dev completed the construction of Harmandir Sahib. He compiled the Sikh scriptures, including the hymns of the Sikh Gurus and other saints, into a single volume known as the Adi Granth. The Adi Granth was installed in the temple, and it became the spiritual and religious center for Sikhs.

  • 1606: Guru Arjan Dev faced persecution under the Mughal Empire for his support of Sikhism. He was arrested, tortured, and martyred. The Golden Temple became a symbol of Sikh resistance against oppression.

  • 1762: The Afghan invader Ahmad Shah Durrani attacked Amritsar and plundered the city. He damaged the temple and filled the Amrit Sarovar with sand. However, the Sikhs rebuilt the temple and restored it to its former glory.

  • 1802: Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the Sikh ruler of Punjab, took control of Amritsar and contributed to the beautification of the Golden Temple. He covered the upper floors of the temple with gold foil, giving it the name "Golden Temple."

JALANDHAR

Devi Talab Mandir

The temple is dedicated to Goddess Durga and is believed to be more than 200 years old. It is said that the original temple was built by a Mughal nobleman, who later converted to Hinduism. Devi Talab Mandir has a beautiful architectural style, reflecting a blend of Hindu and Mughal influences. The main sanctum of the temple houses an idol of Goddess Durga, adorned with traditional decorations. The temple complex also includes various other smaller shrines dedicated to different Hindu deities.  One of the main attractions of the temple is the Devi Talab Sarovar, a sacred pond located adjacent to the temple. Devotees believe that taking a dip in the sarovar can cleanse them of their sins and bring blessings. Devi Talab Mandir is also known for hosting the annual Harballabh Sangeet Sammelan, one of the oldest and most prestigious classical music festivals in India. It attracts renowned musicians and music lovers from around the country.  Navratri, the nine-night festival dedicated to the worship of Goddess Durga, is celebrated with great enthusiasm at Devi Talab Mandir. The temple becomes a hub of activity during this time, with special prayers, devotional music, and cultural programs held throughout the festival.

CHANDIGARH

Sukhna Lake

Sukhna Lake is a man-made lake located in the city of Chandigarh, India. It is a popular tourist destination and a beloved spot for locals to enjoy recreational activities and soak in the natural beauty of the area. The lake is situated at the foot of the Shivalik Hills and covers an area of approximately 3 square kilometers.

The history of Sukhna Lake dates back to the 1950s when it was created as part of the master plan for the city of Chandigarh. The lake was designed by Le Corbusier, the famous French architect who also designed much of the city. The lake was formed by damming the Sukhna Choe, a seasonal stream that flows through the city. It was originally intended to be a source of drinking water for the city but has since become a popular spot for recreational activities and a beloved landmark in Chandigarh.